Since 2004, UNOPS has been working in Haiti on a broad variety of projects in collaboration with the Government, multiple UN organizations, donor governments, NGOs and international financial institutions.
UNOPS provides sustainable project management, infrastructure and procurement services in Haiti, with a focus on building local capacity. Photo: UNOPS/Claude-André Nadon
Since the 2010 earthquake, UNOPS has provided continuous support to Haiti, from early recovery and reconstruction to sustainable development projects. Read a full report of how UNOPS helped Haitians and supported partners in 2012 – Haiti: building for sustainable development.
UNOPS approach in Haiti
UNOPS helps ensure that aid money spent on Haiti is spent in Haiti. UNOPS also believes that the relief and reconstruction needs in Haiti can only be achieved in close conjunction with the Government. Therefore, we work closely with the Ministry of Public Works, Transport and Communications (MTPTC) in order to ensure national ownership, develop capacity and promote sustainability.
UNOPS work in Haiti has been divided into two phases and eight themes:
|Annual report 2012|
- End of recovery phase
- Debris management
- Shelter construction
- Development phase
- Sustainable urban development
- Roads and transportation
- Rule of law
- Côte Sud Initiative (sustainable rural development)
- Support to the United Nations system
The 2010 earthquake generated approximately 10 million cubic metres of debris. In 2012, UNOPS continued to actively contribute to the debris removal process through a project financed by the Haiti Reconstruction Fund and implemented on behalf of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The project was carried out in partnership with MTPTC, among others. By 2012 over 378,000 cubic metres of debris had been cleared, which included over 81,000 cubic metres of debris that was crushed and recycled.
|UNOPS constructed transitional shelters for an ECHO-funded programme, helping over 18,000 Haitians resume their livelihoods. Photo: UNOPS/Marc Lee Steed|
The production and construction of transitional wooden shelters started in 2010, as a more durable solution to the tents being used in many camps. In 2012, UNOPS built a final set of 500 transitional shelters on behalf of the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (ECHO), ending a two-year programme. The programme provided over 3,500 homes for people displaced by the January 2010 earthquake and helped over 18,000 Haitians, who lost everything, resume their livelihoods.
Sustainable urban development
The 16 Neighbourhoods/6 Camps project (16/6) is a Government-prioritized initiative to provide an integrated response to the closing of six camps and the resettlement of displaced people. The project aims to improve the options and quality of life of people returning to their neighbourhoods of origin by addressing urgent physical infrastructure and social problems, as identified by the affected communities.
Financed by the Haiti Reconstruction Fund, the 16/6 project is being implemented jointly by the Government of Haiti, the International Organization for Migration (IOM), UNDP, the International Labour Organization (ILO) and UNOPS.
The 16/6 project includes the following key activities:
- rehabilitation of damaged houses
- construction of new houses to replace dangerous houses
- construction and rehabilitation of community infrastructure
Road and transportation
Drawing from global experience on similar projects and with funding from the World Bank, UNOPS managed the rehabilitation of the Martissant road in Port-au-Prince as well as emergency repair works on Route Nationale No. 4, damaged by the 2010 earthquake. With funding from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), UNOPS also rehabilitated 35 kilometres of road between Jacmel and Bainet, and constructed 12 kilometres of rural road to Ouanaminthe.
Departmental hospital in Gonaives
|UNOPS partnered with the Haitian Ministry of Health and UNFPA to construct and equip maternity clinics, including this clinic where a mother waits for postnatal care. Photo: UNOPS/Annick Kaze|
With funding from the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), UNOPS is working in collaboration with the Ministry of Public Works and the Ministry of Health to manage the construction, equipping and institutional capacity development of a regional hospital in Gonaives. This 10,000 m2 facility specializing in maternal and child health services will serve approximately 1.5 million inhabitants of the Artibonite department and neighbouring regions.
Community hospitals and laboratories
UNOPS is in the process of constructing and equipping three community hospitals, one rehabilitation centre and two laboratories, as well as procuring 30 fully equipped ambulances. The services are being delivered on behalf of the Brazilian Health Ministry, through an agreement with UNDP.
In 2012, UNOPS partnered with the Haitian Ministry of Health to construct and equip four maternity clinics. The project was funded by the United Nations Population Fund (UNPFA) and supported by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). The clinics aim to reduce maternal mortality rates by providing a range of services focused on reproductive health.
Côte Sud Initiative
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and its partners have been developing a sustainable rural development initiative for 10 communes in the southwest of Haiti. The Côte Sud Initiative is implemented by a partnership that includes the governments of Haiti and Norway, UNEP, UNOPS, Catholic Relief Services and four community-based organizations, among others.
As part of the programme, UNOPS provided project partners with implementation and logistics support as well as technical advice on the development of road projects in 2012. This advice helped lead to the development of the Route Sud programme, funded by the World Bank, and several other projects which are awaiting funding.
Support to the United Nations system
In 2012, UNOPS continued to support the United Nations system, including the United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), through the following projects:
- Communication centres:
On behalf of MINUSTAH, UNOPS continued to manage 13 communications centres set up in 2005 to connect the multi-disciplinary UN mission teams in Haiti.
- Multimedia centres:
In 2012, the multimedia centres managed by UNOPS and funded by MINUSTAH were closed, after five years of activity. These centres provided computers and internet access, documents and press and audiovisual equipment for local communities in nine regions across Haiti. The centres also provided a space for over 970 community-based organizations to hold conferences, gender empowerment and media training and events. Over 585,000 people visited the centres, helping MINUSTAH enhance its capacity to engage local communities.
- Construction of the World Health Organization (WHO) offices:
Following the earthquake, parts of the buildings which housed the WHO in Haiti were destroyed, and WHO requested UNOPS services to construct new buildings. UNOPS has developed architectural plans for the project and has begun the procurement process.